The Beluga Sturgeon, Huso Huso, is endemic to Panto Caspian Sea, which the Caspian Sea, the world's largest salt-water lake, is part of it. Caviar extracted from Beluga sturgeon is the most famous and rarest Caviar in the world.
Beluga Caviar has an excellent and decisive flavor that comes from its creamy, soft and homogenous texture making it the most valuable types of its rolling (round) pearls.
The wild ones can be found in the Caspian Sea. The species normally mature in the 15th ~ 20th year, and can live up to 100 years and reach over 1000kg. The scientific name is Huso huso. This precious species is the biggest sturgeon.
It is produced from roes of mature beluga of over 15 years of aquaculture. Its color can be pearl grey ,or dark grey. The roes are smooth and even ,with a special sheen .Its diameter is over 3 mm. It has a full-bodied flavor with a special aromatic after taste.
Beluga Caviar Specification:
The grains of Beluga Caviar are the largest roes and range in size from 3 to 3/7 and in color, from light gray to dark gray and even polished black.
Despite the grading on the base of size, color and consistency, Beluga Caviar is generally the most delicate of all sturgeon caviar, presenting a very mild and buttery elegant flavored reminding the calmness of oceans.
Types of Beluga caviar:
Common Beluga Caviar
Size under 3 mm
Imperial Beluga Caviar:
Size 3.1-3.2 mm
Imperial Selection Beluga Caviar (ISBC):
Size above 3.2 mm
When ISBC roll over the tongue and pop up, the differentiation appears!
Selected by professional experts (as mentioned in the trade name) in the procedure by certain frameworks: color spectrum (light gray) size, consistency and stability which lead to production of the most pleasant one.
Benefits of Beluga Caviar:
Caviar is an excellent source of vitamin B12 and the fatty acids DHA and EPA. It also provides selenium, iron, and sodium, among other vitamins and minerals.
Price of Beluga caviar:
Beluga Caviar is considered one of the most expensive delicacies in the world.
One of the natural habitat of beluga sturgeon is Caspian Sea that's why this region is the best place for farming this kind of sturgeon. And consequently affect the quality and price of Caviar.
The price of caviar can be touched by various factors:
Type of fish, color, size, uniformity, fragrance, firmness and flavor.
Time of maturation, processing, quality of additive, quality of water, nutrition and farming.
There are two major type of packaging:
1) Jars made of glass 2) Tin Made of metal